Tuesday, July 7, 2015

100 Appellations for G!d

by Rabbi Katy Z. Allen

How many are the ways we refer to G!d? I was assisted in getting started on this list by finding this list. But of course I wanted to reach 100, so I went further, and I also strayed from what could strictly be called "names." So, here you have it, my list of 100 appellations for G!d. You will find some Aramaic and Yiddish, new and modern names or descriptions of G!d, and many variations on a theme. After first thinking I couldn't reach 100, I ended up having to leave out many of the options available.

I have stuck for the most part to fairly traditional translations, except in particular cases where noted, and sometimes I have offered alternative translations. In a few cases, I've provided links to explanations, which I invite you to follow. I have substituted ה' for the tetragrammaton in the Hebrew. 

With which appellations do you resonate? Which ones jar you? Which ones invite you to stretch yourself?


100 Appellations for G!d

1) Adir / אַדִיר
Strong One
2) Adon Olam / אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם
Lord/Master of the World
3) Adonai / אֲדֹנָי  
4) Adonai Osi  יְיָ עֹשִי
Lord, My Maker (found in Ma Tovu)
5) Adonei ha’Adonim   אֲדֹנֵי האֲדֹנִים
The Lord of Lords
6) Aibishter  אֲיבִּישְׁתֶר
The Most High (Yiddish)
7) Avinu / Avinu Malkeinu  אָבִֽינוּ / אָבִֽינוּ מַלְכֵּֽנוּ 
Our Father / Our Father, Our King
8) Baali  בָּעַלִי
My Master
9) Borei   בּוֹרֵא
10) Dodi  דּוֹדִי
My Beloved (found 20 times in the Song of Songs)
11) Ehiyeh sh'Ehiyeh  אֶֽהְיֶה שְׁאֶֽהְיֶה
I Am What I Am (Modern Hebrew of #12)
12) Ehyeh Asher Ehyeh  אֶֽהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶֽהְיֶה 
I Will Be What I Will Be (Exodus 3:14)
13) E'in Sof  אֵין סוֹף
Endless; Infinite (in Kabbalah)
14) El  אֵל
15) El Chai  אֵל חַי
Living G!d
16) El Elohei Israel  אֵל אֵלֹהֵי יִשׂרָאֵל
G!d the G!d of Israel
17) El Elyon  אֵל עֵליוֹן
 G!d Most High
18) El Gibbor  / El haGibbor   / אֵל גִבּוֹר
G!d of Strength / G!d the Hero; G!d the Strong; G!d the Warrior
19) El haShamayyim  / אֵל הַשָּׁמַיִם
The God of Heaven
20) El Kanna  / אֵל קַנָא
Jealous G!d
21) El Olam  / אֵל עוֹלָם
Everlasting G!d; Eternal G!d
22) El Ro’i  / אֵל רֳאִי
G!d of Seeing; G!d Who Sees (Genesis 16:13)
23) El Shaddai  / אֵל שַׁדָּי
G!d Almighty (Exodus 6:2-3)
24) Elah  / אֱלָה
G!d (Aramaic; Daniel 2:23, 47  Ezra 5:1, 7:19, 7:23)
25) Elohai / Eloheinu  / אֱלֹהַי / אֱלֹהֵינוּ
My G!d / Our G!d
26) Elohei Avi / Elohei Avoteinu  / אֱלֹהֵי אָבִי / אֱלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ
G!d of My Father / G!d of Our Ancestors
27) Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak, v’Elohei Ya`aqov  /  אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם, אֱלֹהֵי יִצְחָק, וֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב
G!d of Abraham, G!d of Isaac, and G!d of Jacob
28) Elohei ha’Elohim  / אֱלֹהֵי הַאֱלֹהִים
The G!d of gods
29) Elohei ha’Rishonim v’ha’Achronim  / אֱלֹהֵי הָרִאשׁוֹנִים וְהָאַחֲרוֹנִים
G!d of the First Ones and the Last Ones
30) Elohei Imi / Elohei Imoteinu  / אֱלֹהֵי אִמִי / אֱלֹהֵי אִמוֹתֵנוּ
G!d of My Mother / G!d of Our Matriarchs
31) Elohei Kol Briot  / אֱלֹהֵי כָל בְּרִאוֹת
G!d of All Creation
32) Elohei Sarah, Elohei Rivka, Elohei Rachel, v’Elohei Leah  / אֱלֹהֵי שָׂרָה, אֱלֹהֵי רִבְקָה, אֱלֹהֵי רָחֵל, וֵאלֹהֵי לֵאָה 
G!d of Sarah, G!d of Rebecca, G!d of Leah, and G!d of Rachel
33) Elohei Tzevaot  / אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֹת
G!d of Hosts
34) Eloah / Elohim  /אלוהּ / הַאֱלֹהִים
G!d (Singular form, found in Job 41 times)
35) Elyon  /  עֵליוֹן
Supreme One
36) Emet  / אֶמֶת
37) Esh Oklah  / אֵשׁ אֹכְלָה
Consuming Fire
38) Fokeyd Sarah  / פוֹקֵד שָׂרָה
Sustainer of Sarah
39) Ga’al Yisrael  / גָּאַל יִשְׂרָאֵל
Redeemer of Israel
40) Go’ali / Goaleinu  / גֹּאֲלִ / גֹּאֲלֵֽנוּ
My Redeemer  / Our Redeemer
41) Goel Avraham  / גֹּאֲל אַבְרָהָם
Redeemer of Abraham
42) Gomel Hasadim  / גּוֹמֵל חֲסָדִים
Bestower of Kindnesses
43) HaKaddosh Baruch Hu  / הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא
The Holy One, Blessed be He
44) HaMa’ariv Aravim  /הַמַּעֲרִיב עֲרָבִים 
The One Who Brings on the Night
45) HaMaikitz Nirdamim  / הַמֵּקִיץ נִרְדָּמִים
The One Who Stirs the Sleeping
46) HaRachaman  / הָרַחֲמָן
The Merciful One
47) HaShem  / הַשֵׁם
The Name
48) HaYotzehr  / הַיוֹצֵר
The One Who Forms
49) Imeinu Malkateinu / אִמוֹתֵנוּ מַלְכַּתֵנוּ
Our Mother, Our Queen
50) Kadosh Yisrael  / קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל
Holy One of Israel
51) Koneh ha’Kol  / קוֹנֶה הַכָל
Creator of All
52) Kudsha Brikh Hu  / קוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא
The Holy One, Blessed Be He (Aramaic) 
53) Magein Avraham  / מָגֵן אַבְרָהָם
Shield of Abraham
54) Magein Yisheinu  / מָגֵן יִשְׁעֵֽנוּ
Our Sheltering Shield
55) Makom / HaMakom  / מָקוֹם / הַמָקוֹם
The Place; The Omnipresent One
56) Malbish Arumim  /מַלְבִּישׁ עֲרֻמִּים 
The One Who Clothes the Naked
57) Mashiv ha’Ruach  / מַשִּׁיב הָרֽוּחַ
The One who Causes the Wind to Blow
58) Matir Asurim  /מַתִּיר אֲסוּרִים  
The One Who Frees Captives
59) Matzileinu / מַצִילֵינוּ
Our Rescuer
60) Mechayeh haKol  / מְחַיֵּה הַכָל
The One Who Gives Life All (Reform version of #61)
61) Mechayeh Metim  / מְחַיֵּה הַמֵּתִים
The One Who Gives Life the Dead
62) Melech HaMelachim /Melech Malchei HaMelachim  / מֶֽלֶךְ מַלְכֵי הַמְּלָכִים / מֶֽלֶךְ הַמְּלָכִים
The King of Kings / The King, King of Kings
63) Misgabi  / מִשְׂגָּבִּי
My Refuge
64) Misgav B’adeinu מִשְׂגָּב בַּעֲדֵֽנוּ
Our Sustaining Stronghold
65) Morid ha’Gashem  / מוֹרִיד הַגֶּֽשֶׁם
The One who Brings Down the Rain
66) Moshianu  / מוֹשִׁיעֵֽנוּ
Our Savior
67) Nishmat Kol Chai  / שְׁמַת כָּל חַי
Breath of Life (See Rabbi David Seidenberg, p. 5, on all Creation created in G!d’s image.)
68) Oseh Niflaot  / עֹשֵׂה נִפְלָאוֹת
The One Who Does Wonders
69) Oseh Shalom  / עֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם
Maker of Peace
70) Oseh Shamayyim v’Aretz  / עֹשֵׂה שָׁמַֽיִם וָאָֽרֶץ
Maker of Heaven and Earth
71) Oseh Vereshit  / עֹשֶׂה בְרֵאשִׁית
Author of Creation
72) Ozer  / עוֹזֵר
73) Podeinu  / פּוֹדֵֽנוּ
Our Redeemer
74) Pokeach Ivrim  /פּוֹקֵֽחַ עִוְרִים 
The One Who Opens Blind Eyes
75) Ribono Shel Olam  / רִבּוֹנוֹ שֶׁל עוֹלָם
Master of the World
76) Ro'eh Yisra'el  / רוֹעֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל
Shepherd of Israel
77) Rofeh Cholim  / רוֹפֵא חוֹלִים
Healer of the Sick
78) Rokah HaAretz Al ha’Mayyim  / רוֹקַע הָאָֽרֶץ עַל הַמָּֽיִם
The One Who Sets the Land Upon the Waters
79) Shalom  / שָׁלוֹם
80) Shekhinah / Shekhinat El  /  שְׁכִינַה / שְׁכִינַת אֵל
Divine Presence / Divine Presence of G!d
81) Somech Noflim  / סוֹמֵךְ נוֹפְלִים
Supporter of the Fallen
82) The Interbreathing Of All Life
83) Tsur Chayinu  / צוּר חַיֵּֽינוּ
Rock of Our Life
84) Tsur Kol ha’Olamim  / צוּר כָּל הָעוֹלָמִים
Rock of the Universe
85) Tsur Misgabeinu  / צוּר מִשְׂגַּבֵּֽנוּ
Our Protecting Rock
86) Tsur Yeshuateinu / צוּר יְשׁוּעָתֵֽנוּ
Rock of Our Salvation
87) Tzur Yisrael  / צוּר יִשְׂרָאֵל
Rock of Israel
88) Tzuri  / צוּרִי
My Rock
89) Yah / Yahhhhh  / יָהּ
G!d; Breath
90) Yetzurateinu  / יְצוּרָתֵנוּ
The One Who Formed/Shaped Us
91) YHWH  / ה'
92) YHWH Rofeh  / ה' רֹֽפְאֶה
The Lord Who Heals (Exodus 15:26)
93) YHWH Ro'i  / ה' רֹעִ֗י
The Lord My Shepherd (Psalm 23:1)
94) YHWH Shalom  / ה' שָׁלוֹם
The Lord of Peace (Judges 6:24)
95) YHWH Shammah  / ה' שָֽׁמָּה
The Lord Is Present (Ezekiel 48:35)
96) YHWH Tzevaot  / ה' צְבָאוֹת
The Lord of Hosts
97) YHWH Tzidkenu  / ה' צִדְקֵֽנוּ '
The Lord Our Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6)
178) YHWH Yireh / ה'  יִרְאֶה
The LORD Will Appear (Genesis 22:13–14)
199) Yotzehr Or  /יוֹצֵר אוֹר 
Fashioner of Light
100) Zokef Kefufim  / זוֹקֵף כְּפוּפִים
The One Who Straightens the Bent

Rabbi Katy Allen is a board certified chaplain and serves as a Nature Chaplain and the Facilitator of One Earth Collaborative, a program of Open Spirit. She is the founder and rabbi of Ma'yan Tikvah - A Wellspring of Hope, which holds services outdoors all year long. She is the President of the Boston-based Jewish Climate Action Network

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