Sunday, June 28, 2015

100 Animals

by Rabbi Katy Z. Allen

My next three lists provide a peek at the more-than-human world, based on the Five Kingdom system of classification. Today's list is of 100 animals, chosen as they came to mind. If you decide to create your own list, there are estimated to be more than 1,200,000 animal species on Earth, most of them insects. With another 10,000 discovered each year, you will have plenty to choose from. This list of animals, together with the lists to come, give just a a hint of the complexity of the ecosystems we inhabit.

100 Animals

1)          Aardvark
2)          Alligator
3)          Aquatic caecilian
4)          Bald eagle
5)          Barnacle
6)          Bison
7)          Blue whale
8)          Box turtle
9)          Brown pelican
10)        Bull frog
11)        Canada goose
12)        Carpenter ant
13)        Catfish
14)        Centipede
15)        Chameleon
16)        Cheetah
17)        Chimpanzee
18)        Clam
19)        Cockroach
20)        Coral
21)        Crayfish
22)        Crocodile
23)        Daddy long legs
24)        Deer tick
25)        Dog
26)        Dogfish shark
27)        Dolphin
28)        Dragonfly
29)        Earthworm
30)        Elephant
31)        Elk
32)        Field mouse
33)        Flea
34)        Flounder
35)        Gecko
36)        Gila monster
37)        Gorilla
38)        Great blue heron
39)        Great white shark
40)        Grey wolf
41)        Honey bee
42)        Hornet
43)        Horseshoe crab
44)        Hydra
45)        Imperial moth
46)        Jellyfish
47)        Jellyfish
48)        Krill
49)        Lady bird beetle
50)        Leech
51)        Lemon tetra
52)        Lobster
53)        Milk snake
54)        Millipede
55)        Mite
56)        Monarch butterfly
57)        Mongoose
58)        Mosquito
59)        Mussel
60)        Nematode
61)        Parrot
62)        Peacock
63)        Penguin
64)        Planarian
65)        Porcupine
66)        Prairie dog
67)        Puffin
68)        Python
69)        Rabbit
70)        Rattlesnake
71)        Red-tailed hawk
72)        Rhea
73)        Robin
74)        Ruby-throated hummingbird
75)        Salamander
76)        Sand dollar
77)        Scorpion
78)        Sea anemone
79)        Sea cucumber
80)        Sea otter
81)        Sea turtle
82)        Sea urchin
83)        Shrimp
84)        Snail
85)        Squid
86)        Starfish
87)        Sting ray
88)        Stink bug
89)        Tapeworm
90)        Termite
91)        Tilapia
92)        Tree frog
93)        Trout
94)        Tube worm
95)        Walking stick
96)        Walrus
97)        Water flea
98)        White-tailed deer
99)        Wood duck
100)      Zooplankton

Rabbi Katy Allen is a board certified chaplain and serves as a Nature Chaplain and the Facilitator of One Earth Collaborative, a program of Open Spirit. She is the founder and rabbi of Ma'yan Tikvah - A Wellspring of Hope, which holds services outdoors all year long. She is the President of the Boston-based Jewish Climate Action Network

Saturday, June 27, 2015

100 Blessings a Day

by Rabbi Katy Z. Allen
G!d said to [Abraham]...I will bless you...and you shall be a blessing! --Genesis 12:1-2
And now, Israel, what does G!d want of you? Only that you remain in awe of Yah, so that you will follow all G!d’s paths and love G!d, serving Yah with all your heart and with all your soul. --Deut. 10:12
The Hebrew in the verse from Deuteronomy contains 99 letters, but the sages teach that it can be said to contain 100 letters when the word "ask" (shoel) is written as it should be written, that is, with its "vav." Rabbi Meir teaches that a person is obliged to recite 100 blessings every day based on this verse. How does he get to 100 if there are only 99 letters? The commentators tell us that instead of reading “ma” (what?), he reads the word as “mea” (100).” (Menachot 43b)

For this list, I've created a list of 100 blessings, culled from the weekday prayer services and blessings for various occasions. If one recites all the blessings traditionally said throughout the day, one would repeat all the blessings of the Amidah three times, so the journey to 100 blessings would be different. But I wanted to find 100 separate ones that could potentially be said in a day. So, that's how I got to my list - some of my decisions were, of course, arbitrary.

The translations have been culled from a variety of sources, but all of them I adapted to some extent. And for the tetragramaton, G!d's name, yud-hey-vav-hey, I used throughout the name Yah instead of Adonai. The reason for this is to avoid the gender inherent in the word Adonai, which stems from adon, meaning "lord." I also like the name Yah as it gives the sense of "breathe," and I appreciate Rabbi Arthur Waskow's teachings about G!d as breathe

One may, of course, recite 100 blessings of the day out of our imagination and from our heart, the blessings we are feeling at 100 moments throughout the day. It is an exercise I invite us all to try out for a day. And in the meantime, here is my list of traditional blessings, also for you to experiment with and dabble in, as they touch your heart.

Note: Due to the technical limitations of this blog site, the best way to include this long list was to insert the text as a series of images. Click on the first image to fully open it, and then you will be able to go from image to image by clicking on the thumbnails at the bottom of the screen. If you would like to have the entire file as a pdf for easier reading, please email me at, and I will gladly send it to you.

Rabbi Katy Allen is a board certified chaplain and serves as a Nature Chaplain and the Facilitator of One Earth Collaborative, a program of Open Spirit. She is the founder and rabbi of Ma'yan Tikvah - A Wellspring of Hope, which holds services outdoors all year long. She is the President of the Boston-based Jewish Climate Action Network

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

100 Human Ways of Experiencing the Universe

 by Rabbi Katy Z. Allen

Here is the second in my lists of 100. This list is based on the list of senses found in The Seven Mysteries of Life by Guy Murchie as well as on Michael Cohen's writings about our senses, based on Murchie's lists, which can be found at Project NatureConnect. However, I have veered from the idea of "senses," which feels limiting and subject to scientific argument about what a sense is, and instead have listed 100 ways that we humans can experience the universe in which we live. We are more aware of some of these than of others. I invite you to see what jumps out at you, and to take time focusing on ones of interest to you.

        1.          Sense of light and sight, including polarized light
2.          Sense of color
3.          Sense of moods and identities attached to colors
4.          Sense of awareness of one's own visibility or invisibility
5.          Sensitivity to radiation other than visible light: ultraviolet light, x-rays; night vision
6.          Ability to experience phosphenes (seeing light without light actually entering the  eye)
7.          Sense of heat
8.          Sense of cold
9.          Sense of temperature change
10.        Sense of seasons including ability to insulate
11.        Electromagnetic sense and polarity, including the ability to generate current in the  nervous system
12.        Hearing, frequency or pitch
13.        Hearing, amplitude or loudness
14.        Hearing, timbre, distinguishing one voice or instrument from another
15.        Hearing, direction of sound
16.        Hearing, resonance, vibrations, sonar frequencies
17.        Awareness of pressure, particularly underground, underwater, and to wind and air
18.        Sense of excretion for waste elimination
19.        Feeling touch on the skin
20.        Sense of sustained touch or pressure
21.        Awareness of dull ache
22.        Awareness of texture
23.        Distinguishing hardness and softness
24.        Distinguishing roughness and smoothness
25.        Sense of weight of external objects
26.        Kinesthesia - awareness of body movement
27.        Proprioception – awareness of relative position of body parts
28.        Sense of external motions
29.        Sense of gravity
30.        Cognition of heartbeat, breathing, blood circulation
31.        Sense of balance
32.        Space or proximity sense
33.        Smell with nose – camphoric (moth balls)
34.        Smell with nose – musky (perfume, after shave)
35.        Smell with nose – floral (roses)
36.        Smell with nose – minty (peppermint)
37.        Smell with nose – ethereal (dry cleaning fluid)
38.        smell with nose – pungent (vinegar, blue cheese)
39.        Smell with nose – putrid (rotten eggs)
40.        Hormonal responses, as to pheromones and other chemical stimuli
41.        Sensing chemical imbalance
42.        Taste – salt
43.        Taste – sweet
44.        Taste – bitter
45.        Taste – sour
46.        Appetite or hunger for food
47.        Thirst
48.        Sense of need for air, suffocation
49.        Urge to hunt or otherwise obtain food
50.        Sense of air humidity; water control, evaporation
51.        Response to pathogens
52.        External pain
53.        Internal pain
54.        Mental or spiritual distress
55.        Sense of fear, dread of injury, death or attack
56.        Sense of falling or potential of falling
57.        Procreative urges including sex awareness, courting, love, mating,
58.        Paternal and maternal instincts
59.        Sense of play, sport
60.        Sense of humor and laughter
61.        Sense of pleasure
62.        Sense of physical place
63.        Navigation senses including awareness of land and seascapes
64.        Sense of rhythm
65.        Awareness of weather changes
66.        Sense of emotional place, of community
67.        Sense of belonging, support, trust
68.        Sense of gratitude, thankfulness and appreciation
69.        Sense of power
70.        Domineering and territorial sense
71.        Compassion and receptive awareness of one's fellow creatures
72.        Sense of personal identity, including friendship and companionship
73.        Awareness of birth and death
74.        Horticultural sense and the ability to cultivate crops
75.        Language and articulation sense, used to express feelings and convey information
76.        Sense of humility
77.        Sense of ethics
78.        Sense of form and shape
79.        Sense of design
80.        Sense of reason, including capacity for logic and science
81.        Sense of mind and consciousness
82.        Intuition or subconscious deduction
83.        Aesthetic sense, including creativity and appreciation of beauty, music, literature,  and drama
84.        Circadian, or daily, rhythm
85.        Sense of time duration
86.        Awareness of past, present and future events
87.        The capacity to hypnotize and be hypnotized
88.        Relaxation and sleep including dreaming, meditation, brain wave awareness
89.        Sense of excessive stress and capitulation
90.        Sense of survival by joining a more established organism
91.        Spiritual sense, including capacity for sublime love, ecstasy,
92.        Conscience, including a sense of wrong and feelings of regret
93.        Experience of grief, profound sorrow and sacrifice
94.        Sensory memory
95.        Long-term memory
96.        Short-term memory
97.        Cosmic consciousness
98.        Muscle-motor memory
99.        Immune memory
100.      Sense of homeostatic unity, of natural attraction, aliveness as the singular essence

Rabbi Katy Allen is a board certified chaplain and serves as a Nature Chaplain and the Facilitator of One Earth Collaborative, a program of Open Spirit. She is the founder and rabbi of Ma'yan Tikvah - A Wellspring of Hope, which holds services outdoors all year long. She is the President of the Boston-based Jewish Climate Action Network

Sunday, June 21, 2015

100 Mitzvot

by Rabbi Katy Z. Allen

I am in a period of list-making. My first list is of 100 mitzvot. Why these? Each one in some way speaks to me as something to think about and consider, deeply, not dismissively and not routinely, but to really consider what it does or can mean to me. I invite you to enter into conversation with this list - perhaps there are one or two that jump out at you in some way. Take the time to sit with them, and see if they might trigger some kind of change or deepening of your relationship to G!d.

In making this list, I used as resources this list of the 613 Mitzvot from the Mishneh Torah of Rambam, Goldie Milgram's Mitzvot Cards, Teaching Mitzvot, the Chafet's Chaim's The Concise Book of Mitzvot and the Shulchan Aruch. The decisions of what to include are totally mine, are subject to change, and at some point area arbitrary, Translations / interpretations are mine or adaptations of those in these sources. The categories are adapted from this list of 613 Mitzvot, but in the end are mine.


Relationship to G!d
1) יה אחד   Yah Echad
Experience G!d and G!d’s unity. (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6; Deut. 6:4) 
2) אהבת יה Ahavat Yah
Love G!d (Deut. 6:5) 
3) יראת יה Yirat Yah
Stand in awe of G!d (Deut. 6:13; 10:20; Lev 19:14, Shabbat 31b)
4) והלכת בדרכיו         V’halachta b’derachav 
Imitate the ways of G!d; Walk in the Divine footsteps (Deut. 28:9, 26:17) 
5) ברית Brit 
Enter into the covenant (Gen. 17:10, 12; Lev. 12:3)
6) עבודה זרה         Avodah Zarah 
Refrain from idolatry and destroy it when it is before you (Ex. 20:4; Lev. 19:4; Deut. 12:2-3) 
7) תשובה         Teshuvah 
Engage in repentence and return to G!d (Num. 5:7)

Family, Home, and Body
8) הידור זקנים Hiddur Z’keinim
Honor the old and the wise (Lev. 19:32) 
9) מזוזה Mezuzah 
Affix a mezuzah to the doorpost of your home (Deut. 6:9) 
10) כיבוד אב ואם Kibud Av va’Em 
Honor and revere your father and mother (Ex. 20:12; Lev. 19:3) 
11) חופה וקידושין Huppah v’Kiddushin 
Enter into sacred relationship through the sacrament of marriage (Deut. 24:1; Gen. 2:24)
12) פרו ורבו  P’ru U’r’vu 
Bear children in your time. (Gen. 1:28) 
שלום בית                 Shalom Bayit 
Maintain peace in the home (Gen 18:13)
14) פדיון הבן         Pidyon HaBen 
Redeem your firstborn child. (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20; Num. 18:15)  
15) כתובת קעקע        K’tovet Ka’aka’a 
Do not tattoo the body (Lev. 19:28)
16) שמירת הגוף        Shmirat Haguf 
Guard your health (Gen. 1:27; Deut. 2:4)

17) תלמוד תורה   Talmud Torah
Learn and teach Torah (Deut. 6:7) 
18)  להדבק בחכמים         L’hidabek b’chachamim 
Spend time with those who are wise (Deut. 10:20)
19) לכתוב ספר תורה         Lichtov sefer Torah
Write a Torah scroll (Deut. 31:19) 

Ritual and Prayer
20) ציציות         Tzitiot 
Wear a garment with tzitziot on the corners (Num. 15:38) 
21) להניח תפילין         L’haniach tefillin 
Bind tefillin on your head and arm (Deut. 6:8) 
22) תפילה Tefillah 
Engage in regular prayer  (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13; Gen 24:63; I Sam 1:22)
23) קריאת שמע Kriat Shema 
Recite the Shema morning and evening (Deut. 6:7) 
24) ברכת המזון Birkat Hamazon 
Recite grace after meals (Deut. 8:10)
25) ברכות          Brachot 
Recite blessings before eating and at other times (Deut. 8:10)
26) מקווה         Mikveh 
Immerse in the ritual bath (Lev. 15:13-15; Lev. 15:28-30) 

Emotions and Feelings
27) ואהבת לרעך כמוך V’ahvata Lereicha K’mocha 
Love all human beings (Lev. 19:18)
28)לֹֽא־תִשְׂנָא        Lo Tisnah
Refrain from hatred in your heart (Lev. 19:17) 
29) לא תטוֹר Lo Titur 
Refrain from taking revenge (Lev. 19:18) 
30) לא תקוֹם         Lo Tikom 
Refrain from bearing a grudge (Lev. 19:18) 
31)  אהבת הגר         Ahavat HaGer 
Love the stranger (Deut. 10:19) 
32) לא תחמוד         Lo Tachmod 
Do not covet what belongs to another (Ex. 20:14) 
33) לא תתאוה         Lo Titaveh 
Do not crave something that belongs to another (Deut. 5:18) 

Behavior in Private and Public
34) לֹא תַעֲמד עַל־דַּם רֵעֶךָ Lo Ta’amod al Dam Reicha
Do not stand by idly when human life is in danger (Lev. 19:16)
35) לִפְנֵי עִוֵּר לֹא תִתֵּן מִכְשׁל          Lifnei Iver Lo Titeyn Michshol 
Avoid actions that will cause others to do wrong. (Lev. 19:14)
36) עָזב תַּֽעֲזב           Azov Ta’azov 
Relieve others of their burdens (Ex. 23:5) 
37) לא להונות זה את זה Lo lehanot zeh et zeh 
Do no wrong in buying or selling (Lev. 25:14) 
38) להשיב משכון         Lehashiv Michon
Return a pledged or pawned object to its owner (Deut. 24:13) 
39) מעזני צדק         Moznay Tzedek 
Ensure that scales, weights, and weighing are correct and accurate. (Lev. 19:35-36; Deut. 25:13-14) 
40) לניח לפועל לאכול        Laniach lepoal le’ecol
Allow hired laborers to eat of the produce they are reaping (Deut. 23:25-26) 
41) הלנת שכר         Halanat Sachar 
Pay wages on time without delay (Lev. 19:13; Deut. 24:15) 
42) היוצאי מי פיו יעשה Ha-Yotzei Mi-Piv Ya’aseh 
Make only promises you intend to keep and keep them, do not delay in fulfilling them. (Deut. 23:22, 24; Lev. 19:12; Num. 30:3)
43)  עדות Eidut
If you possess evidence, testify in Court (Lev. 5:1) 
44)שֹׁחַד לֹא תִקָּח        Shochad lo tikach
Do not take a bribe (Ex. 23:8) 
45) מעקה         Ma’akeh
Make a parapet for your roof and take other actions to prevent accidents. (Deut. 22:8) 
46) לא תגנוב         Lo Tignov 
Do not steal. (Lev. 19:11) 
47) השבת עבידה HaShavat Aveidah 
Take notice of lost property and return it. (Deut. 22:1; Deut. 22:3) 
48) לא תתורו         Lo Taturu 
Avoid following the whims of your heart or what you see (Num. 15:39)
49) דינה דמלכתא דינה          Dina D’malchuta Dina 
Be a law-abiding citizen (Shabbat 54b)
50) בל תשכית         Bal Tashchit 
Do not waste or destroy the environment. (Deut. 20:19-20)
51) זכור את אשר עשה לך עמלק Z’chor et Asher Asa L’cha Amalek 
Remember what Amalek did and work against evil. (Deut. 25:17; Deut. 25:19)
52) צדק תרדוף         Tzedek Tirdof 
Pursue justice. (Deut. 16:20)

53) לא לקלל Lo Tikalel
Refrain from profaning the Divine name. (Ex. 22:27- 28; Lev. 22:32) 
54) לשון הרע ורכילות         Lashon Hara v’Rechilut 
Do not wrong others with your speech (Lev. 25:17; Lev. 19:16) 
55) הוֹכֵחַ תּוֹכִיחַ         Hochiach Tochiah
Speak out against hurtful behavior. (Lev. 19:17) 
56) גר לא תונה ולא תלחצנו         Ger Lo Toneh V’Lo Tilchatzenu
Refrain from improper speech or business dealings with strangers  (Ex. 22:20) 
57) נדרים          N’darim 
Do not speak the name of G!d in vain (Ex. 20:7)
58) לא תענה עד שקר          Lo Ta’aneh Ayd Shacker 
Do not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13) 
59) גניבת דעת         Genivat Da’at 
Avoid deception and do not swear falsely. (Lev. 19:11) 

Animals, Plants and the Land
60) הָקֵם תָּקִים          Hakem Takim
Come to the aid of animals in need. (Deut. 22:4) 
61) צער בעלי חיים           Tza’ar Ba’alei Chayyim 
Treat animals with respect (Lev. 22:28; Deut. 22:6-7; Deut. 22:10; Deut. 25:4) 
62) כלאיים           Kilayyim 
Do not sow different kinds of seed together in one field (Lev. 19:19) 
63) שַֽׁעַטְנֵז           Shatnez 
Be aware of the origins of your clothing. (Deut. 22:11)
64) 1 שמיטה Shmita 1
Allow the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:2) 
65) 2 שמיטה Shmita 2
Sound the Ram's horn in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:9)
66) אהבת ציון          Ahavat Zion 
Develop a relationship with Israel (Num. 33:53)

The Poor and Distressed
67) פאה, לקט, ושחכה            Peah, Lecket & Shichi’chah
Leave the corners of the fields, the gleanings, and the forgotten sheaves for the poor. (Lev. 19:9; Lev. 23:22; Deut. 24:19-20) 
68) צדקה           Tzedakah
Give to the poor what they need, according to your means. (Deut. 15:7; Deut. 15:11)  
69) להלְות    Lehalvot
Lend to poor people. (Ex. 22:24) 
70) לא לתבוע ללווה          Lo Litboah Lilvah
Refrain from demaning repayment of a debt when one cannot pay (Ex. 22:24) 
71) פדיון שבויים         Pidyon Sh’vu’im 
Free captives (Deut.15:7)
72) 3 שמיטה Shmita 3
Relieve debts in the Sabbatical year 

Shabbat and Holidays
73) ראש חודש וקידוש לבנה         Rosh Chodesh V’Kiddush Levana 
Acknowledge the New Moon and the Waning moon. (Ex. 12:2) 
74) שמירת שבת Shmirat Shabbat 
Observe and remember Shabbat to sanctify it; Rest on Shabbat. (Ex. 16:29; Ex. 20:8; Ex. 20:10; Ex. 23:12; 34:21) 
75) לחגוג חגים         Lachgog Chagim 
Celebrate the festivals of Passover, Shavu'ot and Sukkot. (Ex. 23:14; Deut. 16:14) 
76) להוצאי חמץ L’hotzi Chametz 
Remove chametz from your home on the Eve of Passover (Ex. 12:15; Ex. 12:19; Ex. 13:7)
77) לא לאכול חמץ Lo le’chol chametz 
Refrain from eating chametz on Passover (Ex. 12:20; Ex. 13:3; Deut. 16:3) 
78) לאכול מצה         Le’chol Matzah 
Eat matzah on Passover (Ex. 12:18) 
79) זכור את יציאת מצריים         Zachor et Yetziyat Mitzrayim 
Discuss the Exodus from Egypt on the first night of Passover (Ex. 13:8) 
80) ספירת העומר Sefirat HaOmer 
Count forty-nine days from the time of the Omer harvest (Lev. 23:15) 
81) לא לעבות בחגים         Lo La’avod Ba’chagim 
Refrain from work on the Festivals of Passover, Shavu'ot, Sukkot, and Sh’mini Atzeret (Lev. 23:21; Lev. 23:35; Lev. 23:36)
82) לא לעבות בראש השנה        Lo La’avod B’ Rosh HaShanah 
Refrain from work on Rosh Hashanah (Lev. 23:24; Lev. 23:25) 
83) לשמוע קול שופר         Lishmoa Kol Shofar 
Hear the sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah (Num. 29:1) 
84) יום צום         Yom Tzom 
Fast on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:27; Lev. 23:29) 
85) לא לעבוד ביום הכיפורים         Lo la’avod b’Yom Hakippurim 
Refrain from working on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:31-32) 
86) לולב ואטרוג         Lulav v’etrog 
Shake the palm branch with the other three plants on Sukkot.(Lev. 23:40) 
87) לשב בסוכה Leishev ba’Sukkah 
Dwell in booths seven days during Sukkot (Lev. 23:42)  
88) פרסום הנס         Pirsum HaNes 
Light Hanukkah candles ( Bavli 23b)
89) שלך מנות         Shalach manot
Deliver gifts on Purim

90) כשרות 1 Kashrut I 
Refrain from eating meat, fish, poultry, and other animals that are not kosher. (Lev. 11:4; Lev. 11:11; Lev. 11:13; Lev. 11:41-44; Lev. 11: 46; Deut. 14:19; Ex. 22:30; Deut. 14:21).
91)כשרות 2 Kashrut II
Avoid eating worms found in fruit (Lev. 11:41) 
92) שכיטה        Shechitah 
Eat only meat of animals raised and butchered humanely and according to the laws of shechitah (Deut. 12:21) 
93) כשרות 3         Kashrut III
Refrain from eating meat and dairy products together. (Ex. 34:26; Ex. 23:19) 
94) זוֹלֵ֖ל וְסֹבֵא         Zolel v’sovah
Refrain from eating or drinking like a glutton or a drunkard (Lev. 19:26; Deut. 21:20) 
חלה (59         Challah
Set aside a portion of dough when making bread. (Numbers 15:18-21)

Acts of Lovingkindness
96) ביקור חולים         Bikkur Holim 
Visit the sick (Gen. 17:26-18:1)
97) כבוד המת          Kavod HaMeit 
Bury and mourn the dead. (Deut. 21:23)
98) נחום עבלים           Nechum Aveilim 
Comfort mourners (Gen. 25:11; Deut. 34:6)
99) הכנשת עורכים  Hachnasat Orchim 
Welcome visitors (Gen 18:3-5)
100) כל ישראל ערבים זה לזה          Kol Yisrael Areivim Zeh La-zeh 
Support others in all your communities (BT Shevuot 39a)

Rabbi Katy Allen is a board certified chaplain and serves as a Nature Chaplain and the Facilitator of One Earth Collaborative, a program of Open Spirit. She is the founder and rabbi of Ma'yan Tikvah - A Wellspring of Hope, which holds services outdoors all year long. She is the President of the Boston-based Jewish Climate Action Network